The main emphasis in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu is to dominate the opponent through skillful application of technique and force them to submit. By using the techniques of Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu, a smaller practitioner, male or female, can control much larger and stronger opponents. Most of the techniques of Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu address grappling on the ground. There are some takedowns, self-defense techniques, and striking, but the core of the art involves improving, maintaining, or defending ground positions along with submissions such as chokes and armlocks.